What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?
The term “periodontal”means “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a common chronic inflammatory condition which affects the supporting and surrounding soft tissue and bone of the teeth.
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. This infection affects the gums when the bacterial toxins contained in plaque begin to irritate, inflame, and destroy the gum tissues. Once the bacterial infection colonizes in the gum pockets between the teeth, it becomes much more difficult to remove and treat. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that eventually leads to the destruction of the connective tissue and jawbone. If left untreated, it can lead to shifting teeth, loose teeth and eventually tooth loss.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world and should always be promptly treated.
When left untreated, gingivitis (mild gum inflammation) can spread to below the gum line. When the gums become irritated by the toxins contained in plaque, a chronic inflammatory response causes the body to break down and destroy its own bone and soft tissue. There may be little or no symptoms as periodontal disease causes the teeth to separate from the infected gum tissue. Deepening pockets between the gums and teeth are generally indicative that soft tissue and bone is being destroyed by periodontal disease.
Treatment for Periodontal Disease:
Scaling and root planing
In order to preserve the health of the gum tissue, the bacteria and calculus (tartar) which initially caused the infection, must be removed. The gum pockets will be cleaned to help alleviate the infection.
Dental implants – When teeth have been lost due to periodontal disease, the cosmetics and functionality of the mouth can be restored by dental implants.
Has it been forever since you visited the Dentist? Are your gums bleeding? Come see why our dental office is so highly rated. Visit us at 3421 Burke Rd, Ste A, Pasadena, Texas 77504. Or call us at 713-941-8261.